Swedish grades and how to interpret them
The purpose of this web page is to explain the Swedish grading scale for universities, authorities and equivalent organisations in other countries. Its aim is to ensure that Swedish grades are interpreted in a consistent and legally secure manner.
A new Education Act came into force on 1 July 2011 (the 2010 Education Act) in Sweden , bringing about a change in the Swedish grading scale. The number of steps on the scale was increased and the grades were redesignated.
According to the 2010 Education Act, Swedish grades are awarded on a scale from A to F. Pass grades are designated A, B, C, D or E, with A as the highest grade and E as the lowest. A fail grade is designated F.
In each course, there are a set of national requirements that need to be satisfied for each grade. There are defined requirements for grades A, C and E.
The Diploma project can only be awarded a pass or a fail grade. This means that it only can be awarded an E or an F. You are required to pass the Diploma project to earn your diploma. The diploma project is not included when calculating the grade point average.
- Grade A means that the student has achieved all the knowledge requirements for Grade A.
- Grade B means that the student has achieved all the knowledge requirements for Grade C and the bulk of the requirements for Grade A.
- Grade C means that the student has achieved all the knowledge requirements for Grade C.
- Grade D means that the student has achieved all the knowledge requirements for Grade E and the bulk of the requirements for Grade C.
- Grade E means that the student has achieved all the knowledge requirements for Grade E.
- Grade F means that the student has failed to achieve any or all of the knowledge requirements for Grade E.
Comparison with previous grading scale
|Grading scale according to 2010 Education Act||Previous grading scale||Numerical value||Description|
|A||(MVG) Pass with Special Distinction||20||Highest pass grade|
|C||(VG) Pass with Distinction||15|
|E||(G) Pass||10||Lowest pass grade|
|F||(IG) Fail||0||Fail grade|
The contents of this site are based on the following regulations in Swedish law:
- Chap. 15, sections 23-25 of the Education Act (2010:800)
- Chap. 8, section 2 of the Swedish Upper-Secondary School Ordinance (2010:2039)
- Section 11 of the Swedish Council for Higher Education’s regulations (UHRFS 2013:1) on general eligibility and selection.